The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
 

Blossiinae
  Blossia
  Blossiana

Daesiinae
  Biton
     Biton adamanteus     
     Biton arenicolus          
     Biton bellulus    
     Biton bernardi 
     Biton betschuanicus 
     Biton browni 
     Biton brunneus          
     Biton brunnipes         
     Biton cataractus        
     Biton crassidens        
     Biton cursorius             
     Biton divaricatus       
     Biton ehrenbergii         
     Biton fallax               
     Biton fessanus          
     Biton fuscipes              
     Biton fuscus    
     Biton gaerdesi
     Biton gariesensis
     Biton haackei 
     Biton habereri            
     Biton hottentottus 
     Biton kolbei             
     Biton kraekolbei         
     Biton laminatus 
     Biton leipoldti         
     Biton lineatus                          
     Biton lividus
     Biton longisetosus
     Biton magnifrons 
     Biton monodentatus 
     Biton mossambicus 
     Biton namaqua  
     Biton ovambicus  
     Biton pallidus
     Biton pearsoni 
     Biton persicus
     Biton philbyi     
     Biton pimenteli    
     Biton planirostris 
     Biton praecox      
     Biton ragazzii     
     Biton rhodesianus 
     Biton roeweri     
     Biton rossicus  
     Biton sabulosus 
     Biton schreineri 
     Biton schultzei 
     Biton simoni 
     Biton striatus
     Biton subulatus
     Biton tarabulus 
     Biton tauricus   
     Biton tenuifalcis 
     Biton tigrinus   
     Biton transvaalensis 
     Biton triseriatus 
     Biton truncatidens 
     Biton tunetanus
     Biton turkestanus
     Biton vachoni
     Biton velox
     Biton villiersi
     Biton villosus 
     Biton werneri                       
     Biton wicki    
     Biton zederbaueri

  Bitonissus
  Bitonota
  Bitonupa
  Daesiola

Gluviinae
  Eberlanzia
  Gluvia
  Gluviola
  Haarlovina
  Mumaella

Gluviopsinae
  Gluviopsida
  Gluviopsilla
  Gluviopsis
  Gluviopsona

Gnosippinae
  Gnosippus
  Hemiblossia
  Hemiblossiola
  Tarabulida

Triditarsinae
  Hodeidania
  Triditarsula
  Triditarsus

Incertae sedis
  Ammotrechelis
  Ceratobiton
  Gluviella
  Namibesia
  Syndaesia
  Valdesia




































 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Family Eremobatidae
Family Galeodidae
Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family RhagodidaeFamily Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

Genus Biton Karsch 1880

Biton Karsch, 1880a: 234; Pocock, 1897c: 253; Roewer 1933: 390; Roewer, 1954a: 263; Delle Cave and Simonetta: 1971: 42-43; Wharton, 1981: 13-14.
Daesia
Karsch, 1880a: 234; Purcell, 1899: 388; Kraepelin 1899b: 227-228; Kraepelin 1901a: 88-89; Pocock, 1902c: 68; Birula, 1905b: 277; Hewitt, 1919b: 21; Roewer 1933: 408; Caporiacco, 1937a: 146-147; Birula 1938: 98 (synonymized by Simon, 1882: 252).
Broomiella
Pocock, 1902e: 7; Roewer 1933: 381 (synonymized by Lawrence, 1972: 108).
Bitonella
Roewer 1933: 405; Roewer 1941: 142 (synonymized by Lawrence, 1955: 184).
Daesiella
Caporiacco, 1937a: 147 [junior homonym of Daesiella Hewitt, 1934 (Arachnida: Solifugae)] (synonymized by Delle Cave and Simonetta, 1971: 43).

Diagnosis:  

Type species:  of Biton: Biton ehrenbergi Karsch, 1880a, by original designation; of Daesia: Gluvia praecox C.L. Koch, 1842, by original designation; of Broomiella: Broomiella lineata Pocock, 1902e, by original designation; of Bitonella: Daesia hottentotta Kraepelin 1899b, by original designation; of Daesiella: Daesiella rossica Birula, 1905, by subsequent designation of Harvey, 2003c: 219..
 
Distribution:  AFRICA:
.
 
Included species: 

Biton adamanteus adamanteus Lawrence 1968        
    Biton adamanteus polytricha ( Lawrence 1972)        
Biton arenicolus Lawrence 1966                              
Biton bellulus (Pocock 1902)                             
Biton bernardi ( Pocock 1900)                          
Biton betschuanicus (Kraepelin 1908)                    
Biton browni ( Lawrence 1965)      
Biton brunneus Roewer 1933                            
Biton brunnipes Pocock 1896                            
Biton cataractus Lawrence 1968                           
Biton crassidens Lawrence 1935                           
Biton cursorius Roewer 1933                               
Biton divaricatus Roewer 1933                             
Biton ehrenbergii Karsch 1880                               
Biton fallax ( Borelli 1925)                                    
Biton fessanus Roewer 1933                          
Biton fuscipes Pocock 1897                              
Biton fuscus (Kraepelin 1899)                          
Biton gaerdesi Roewer 1954
Biton gariesensis ( Lawrence 1931)
Biton haackei Lawrence 1968               
Biton habereri ( Kraepelin 1929)                           
Biton hottentottus (Kraepelin 1899)                  
Biton kolbei ( Purcell 1899)                                  
Biton kraekolbei Wharton 1981                            
Biton laminatus (Pocock 1903)                          
Biton leipoldti ( Purcell 1899)                                   
Biton lineatus (Pocock 1902)                                                   
Biton lividus lividus Simon 1882
Biton lividus aristonemes ( Della Cave & Simonetta1971)
Biton longisetosus Lawrence 1972
Biton magnifrons ( Birula 1905)                  
Biton monodentatus Delle Cave 1978              
Biton mossambicus Roewer 1954                 
Biton namaqua ( Kraepelin 1899)                   
Biton ovambicus (Lawrence 1927)                     
Biton pallidus (Purcell 1899)                    
Biton pearsoni ( Hewitt 1914)                   
Biton persicus (Birula 1905)                   
Biton philbyi Lawrence 1954                    
Biton pimenteli Frade 1940                      
Biton planirostris ( Birula 1941)                 
Biton praecox (C.L. Koch 1842)                    
Biton ragazzii ( Kraepelin 1899)                    
Biton rhodesianus (Hewitt 1914)                  
Biton roeweri ( Lawrence 1935)                  
Biton rossicus (Birula 1905)                 
Biton sabulosus (Pocock 1903)              
Biton schreineri ( Purcell 1903)               
Biton schultzei ( Kraepelin 1908)               
Biton simoni ( Kraepelin 1899)                    
Biton striatus striatus (Lawrence 1928)                
    Biton striatus bidentatus ( Lawrence 1955)
    Biton striatus curvichelis ( Lawrence 1963)
Biton subulatus (Purcell 1899)
Biton tarabulus Roewer 1933                   
Biton tauricus Roewer 1941                   
Biton tenuifalcis Lawrence 1961                   
Biton tigrinus Pocock 1898                   
Biton transvaalensis Lawrence 1949               
Biton triseriatus Lawrence 1955                   
Biton truncatidens Lawrence 1954                   
Biton tunetanus tunetanus Simon 1885                   
    Biton tunetanus algeriensis ( Kraepelin 1900)
Biton turkestanus (Roewer 1933)
Biton vachoni Lawrence 1966
Biton velox velox Simon 1885
    Biton velox dmitrievi ( Birula 1905)
Biton villiersi ( Vachon 1950)
Biton villosus Roewer 1933                 
Biton werneri Roewer 1933                      
Biton wicki ( Birula 1915)    
Biton zederbaueri ( Werner 1905)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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