The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae
Family Galeodidae
Genus Galeodes
Genus Galeodopsis
Genus Galeodumus
Genus Gluviema
Genus Othoes
Genus Paragaleodes
Paragaleodes erlangeri
Paragaleodes fuIvipes
Paragaleodes judaicus
Paragaleodes melanopygus
Paragaleodes nesterovi
Paragaleodes occidentalis
Paragaleodes pallidus
Paragaleodes scalaris
Paragaleodes sericeus
Paragaleodes spinifer
Paragaleodes tunetanus
Paragaleodes unicolor

Genus Paragaleodiscus
Genus Roeweriscus
Genus Zombis
Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family Rhagodidae

 Family Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

Genus Paragaleodes Kraepelin 1899

 


Paragaleodes Kraepelin, 1899a: 203-204; Kraepelin, 1901: 22; Birula, 1938: 149-150; Turk, 1960: 109.
Galeodes (Paragaleodes)
Kraepelin: Birula, 1905b: 250,266.

Type species: Galeodes scalaris c.L. Koch, 1842, by subsequent designation of Harvey, 2002: 453.

Distribution: Africa, Middle East, central Asia.



 

Original description:

Translation: 

Twelve species are included in the genus:

 

Paragaleodes erlangeri Kraepelin

Paragaleodes erlangeri Kraepelin, 1903: 572-573; Birula, 1926: 179; Weidner, 1959: 110.
Galeodes erlangeri
(Kraepelin): Roewer, 1934: 534; Moriggi, 1941: 288.
Type locality: Ak' ak'I Beseka (as Akaki), Adis Abeba, Ethiopia.
Distribution: Ethiopia.

Paragaleodes fuIvipes Birula

Paragaleodes fuIv ipes Birula, 1905a: 400-401. Galeodes (Paragaleodes) fulvipes (Birula): Birula, 1905b: 266-268.
Galeodes fulvipes
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 530; Levy and Shulov, 1964: l09.
Type locality: south-east Iran (as "Sudost-Persien").
Distribution: Iran, Israel.

Paragaleodes judaicus Kraepelin

Pa ragaleo des judaicus Kraepelin, 1899a: 206; Kraepelin, 1901: 27; Weidner, 1959: 110.
Galeodes judaicus
(Kraepelin): Roewer, 1934: 531-532; Roewer, 1941: 160; Zilch, 1946: 145; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109.
Type localities: Haifa (as Caifa), Hefa (Haifa), Israel; Israel (as Judagebirge); Jerusalem, Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), Israel.
Distribution: Israel, Syria.

Paragaleodes melanopygus Birula

Paragaleodes melanopygus Birula, 1905a: 401-402; Birula, 1938: 154-155; Aliev and Gadzhiev, 1983a: 45-46; Gromov, 1998a: 187.
Galeodes (Paragaleodes) melanopygus
(Birula): Birula, 1905b: 268.
Galeodes melanopygus
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 530.
Type locality: Gorgan (as Astrabad), Mazandaran, Iran.
Distribution: Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan.

Paragaleodes nesterovi Birula

Paragaleodes nesterovi Birula, 1916: 72-74, unnumbered fig.; Roewer, 1932: fig. 118.
Galeodes nesterovi
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 532.
Type locality: Wesne, Mosul, Nlnawa, Iraq.
Distribution: Azerbaijan, Iraq.

Paragaleodes occidentalis (Simon)

Galeodes barbarus Lucas: Simon, 1879a: 102-l03, fig. 4 (misidentification).
Gaeodes occidentalis
Simon, 1885c: 44; Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Paragaleodes occidentalis
(Simon): Kraepelin, 1899a: 204; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 25-26; Kraepelin, 1908c: 214, fig. 40; Simon, 1909a:41;Berland,
1932:fi~39.
Type locality: Morocco.
Distribution: Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco.

Paragaleodes pallidus (Birula)

Galeodes pallidus Birula, 1890a: 206-207; Birula, 1890b: 74-75; Birula, 1893: 87-88, fig. 1; Morin, 1928: 85-86; Roewer, 1934: 527.
Paragaleodes pallidus
(Birula): Kraepelin, 1899a: 204; Kraepelin, 1901: 26; Pavlovsky, 1932: 291, fig. 19; Birula, 1938: 153-154; Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22; Gromov, 1996: 103; Gromov, 1998a: 187.
Mesogaleodes heliophilus
Heymons, 1902: 13-15; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 142-143 (synonymized by Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22).
Galeodes heliophilus
(Heymons): Roewer, 1934: 527; Zilch, 1946: 144. Paragaleodes heliophillls (Heymons): BinJia, 1938: 151-153, fig. 86; Gromov, 1998a: 187-188.
Type localities:
of Galeodes pnllidus: Murza-Rabat (as Golodnaya Step'), Syrdarya, Uzbekistan.
of Mesogaleodes heliophilus: Murza-Rabat (as Golodnaya Step'), Syrdarya, Uzbekistan; S. coast of Ozero Tuzkan, Dzhizak, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Paragaleodes scalaris (C.L. Koch)

Solpuga intrepida (Dufour): Audouin, 1826: 178, fig. 8 (misidentification); Audouin, 1829: 419, fig. 8 (misidentification); Gervais, 1844: 89, plate 27 fig. 1 (misidentification).
Galeodes intrepidlls
(Dufour): Lucas, 1846: 281 (not seen) (misidentification); Pocock, 1895a: 75-76 (misidentification).
Galeodes scalaris
c.L. Koch, 1842: 353-354; c.L. Koch, 1847: 87-88, fig. 1477; c.L. Koch, 1850: 97; Butler, 1873: 420; Simon, 1879a: 103-104; Simon, 1879c: 77; Hansen, 1893: 185; Pocock, 1894e: 270; Roewer, 1934: 533; Moriggi, 1941: 287; Roewer, 1941: 162; Zilch, 1946: 146; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 147.
Galeodes leucophaeus
c.L. Koch, 1842: 354; c.L. Koch, 1847: 88-89, fig. 1478; c.L. Koch, 1850: 97; Butler, 1873: 420; Simon, 1879a: 105; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 145 (synonymised by Kraepelin, 1899a: 204).
Galeodes savignyi
Simon, 1879a: 105; Simon, 1879c: 77; Birula, 1890a: 206; Birula, 1890b: 72-74, figs 9-10 (invalid replacement name for Audouin's specimens identifed as Solpuga intrepida (Dufour)).
Paragaleodes savignyi
(Simon): Kracpelin, 1899a: 204.
Paragaleodes scalaris (C.L. Koch): Kraepelin, 1899a: 204; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 25; Kraepelin, 1908c: 212; Birula, 1926: 179; Caporiacco, 1936: 99; Shultz, 1989: 33, figs 4d, 8d, 12de, 16-17.
Not Paragaleodes scalaris (C.L. Koch): Caporiacco, 1927: 60 (misidentification, see Galeodes granti Pocock).
Type localities:
of Galeodes scalaris: Arabia.
of Galeodes leucophaeus: Arabia.
of Galeodes savignyi: Egypt.
Distribution: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Turkmenistan, Yemen.

Paragaleodes sericeus Kraepelin

Paragaleodes sericeus Kraepelin, 1899a: 205-206 (in part; see Galeodes kraepelini Roewer); Kraepelin, 1901: 27; Werner, 1902: 607; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 148. Galeodes sericeus (Kraepelin): Roewer, 1934: 533, fig. 317; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Egypt (as "Oberagypten").
Distribution: Egypt.

Paragaleodes spinifer Birula

Paragaleodes spinifer Birula, 1938: 155-156, fig. 87.
Type locality: near "Kyzyl-Tash", N. slope of Gissar M tns, Leninobod, Tajikistan, or Kashkadarya, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Tajikistan or Uzbekistan.

Paragaleodes tunetanus Kraepelin

Paragaleodes tunetanus Kraepelin, 1899a: 204-205; Kraepelin, 1901: 26-27; Kraepelin, 1908c: 217; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 149.
Galeodes tunetanus
(Kraepelin): Roewer, 1934: 534; Whittick, 1939: 448; Roewer, 1941: 162.
Type locality: Gahza, Tunisia.
Distribution: Tunisia.

Paragaleodes unicolor (Birula)

Galeodes (Paragaleodes) unicolor Birula, 1905b: 268-269.
Galeodes unicolor
Birula: Roewer, 1934: 530; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109.
Paragaleodes unicolor
(Birula): Harvey, 2002: 453.
Type locality: DezfoJ (as Disful), Khuzestan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran, Israel.

   

 



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