The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae
Family Galeodidae
Genus Galeodes
     Galeodes abessinicus
     Galeodes adamsi
     Galeodes afghanus
     Galeodes agilis
     Galeodes anatoliae
     Galeodes annandalei
     Galeodes arabs
        Galeodes a. arabs
        Galeodes a. syriacus
     Galeodes araneoides
     Galeodes armeniacus
     Galeodes ater
     Galeodes atriceps
     Galeodes atroluteus
     Galeodes atrospinatus
     Galeodes aulicus
     Galeodes auronitens
     Galeodes australis
     Galeodes babylonicus
     Galeodes bacillatus
     Galeodes bacillifer
     Galeodes bacilliferoides
     Galeodes bactrianus
     Galeodes barbarus
     Galeodes belutschistanus
     Galeodes bengalicus
     Galeodes bicolor
     Galeodes blanchardi
     Galeodes bocharicus
     Galeodes bogojavlenskii
     Galeodes bubi
     Galeodes caspius
        Galeodes c. caspius
        Galeodes c. fuscus
        Galeodes c. pallasi
        Galeodes c. subfuscus
     Galeodes chitralensis
     Galeodes citrinus
     Galeodes clavatus
     Galeodes conversus
     Galeodes crassichelis
     Galeodes ctenogaster
     Galeodes ctenoides
     Galeodes cursor
     Galeodes dahlahensis
     Galeodes darendensis
     Galeodes darius
     Galeodes dekanicus
     Galeodes dellacaveae
     Galeodes discolor
     Galeodes distinctus
     Galeodes edentatus
     Galeodes egregius
     Galeodes elegans
     Galeodes ephippiatus
     Galeodes excelsius
     Galeodes fatalis
     Galeodes fessanus
     Galeodes festivus
     Galeodes flavivittatus
     Galeodes forcipatus
     Galeodes franki
     Galeodes fremitans
     Galeodes fumigatus
     Galeodes graecus
     Galeodes granti
     Galeodes gravelyi
     Galeodes gromovi
     Galeodes hellenicus
     Galeodes indicus
     Galeodes inermis
     Galeodes insidiator
     Galeodes interjectus
     Galeodes intermedius
     Galeodes interritus
     Galeodes karunensis
     Galeodes kermanensis
     Galeodes koeiena
     Galeodes kozlovi
     Galeodes kraepelini
     Galeodes krausi
     Galeodes lacertosus
     Galeodes laevipalpis
     Galeodes laniator
     Galeodes lapidosus
     Galeodes lawrencei
     Galeodes levyi
     Galeodes limitatus
     Galeodes lindbergi
     Galeodes litigiosus
     Galeodes loeffleri
     Galeodes luteipalpis
     Galeodes lybicus
     Galeodes lycaonis
     Galeodes macmahoni
     Galeodes marginatus
     Galeodes mauryi
     Galeodes medusae
     Galeodes melanalis
     Galeodes melanopalpus
     Galeodes minimus
     Galeodes minitor
     Galeodes mongolicus
     Galeodes montivagans
     Galeodes mosconibronzii
     Galeodes nachitschevanicus
     Galeodes nigrichelis
     Galeodes notatus
     Galeodes olivieri
     Galeodes orientalis
     Galeodes pallescens
     Galeodes palpalis
     Galeodes parvus
     Galeodes perotis
     Galeodes philippovi
     Galeodes philippoviczi
     Galeodes pinkasi
     Galeodes pirzadanus
     Galeodes pococki
     Galeodes przevalskii
     Galeodes pugnator
     Galeodes pusillus
     Galeodes rapax
     Galeodes reimoseri
     Galeodes revestitus
     Galeodes rhamses
     Galeodes rhodicola
     Galeodes roeweri
     Galeodes rufogriseus
     Galeodes rufulus
     Galeodes ruptor
     Galeodes sabulosus
     Galeodes sarpolensis
     Galeodes schach
     Galeodes schendicus
     Galeodes scythicus
     Galeodes sedulus    
     Galeodes sejugatus
     Galeodes separandus
     Galeodes setipes
     Galeodes setulosus
     Galeodes signatus
     Galeodes simplex
     Galeodes smirnovi
     Galeodes somalicus
     Galeodes spectabilis
     Galeodes spinipalpis
     Galeodes starmuehlneri
     Galeodes striatipalpis
     Galeodes subbarbarus
     Galeodes subsimilis
     Galeodes sulfuripes
     Galeodes sulphureopilosus
     Galeodes tangkharzarensis
     Galeodes tarabulus
     Galeodes taurus
     Galeodes testaceus
     Galeodes theodori
     Galeodes tillmani
     Galeodes timbuktus
        Galeodes t. brunneipalpis
        Galeodes t. timbuktus
     Galeodes toelgi
     Galeodes trichotichnus
     Galeodes trinkleri
     Galeodes tripolitanus
     Galeodes truculentus
     Galeodes turanus
     Galeodes turcmenicus
     Galeodes turkestanus
     Galeodes turki
     Galeodes tuxeni
     Galeodes uzbecus
     Galeodes veemi
     Galeodes venator
     Galeodes ventralis
     Galeodes versicolor
     Galeodes viridipilosus
     Galeodes vittatus
     Galeodes wadaicus
     Galeodes zarudnyi

Genus Galeodopsis
Genus Galeodumus
Genus Gluviema
Genus Othoes
Genus Paragaleodes
Genus Paragaleodiscus
Genus Roeweriscus
Genus Zombis

Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family Rhagodidae

 Family Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

Genus Galeodes Olivier 1791

 


Galeodes Olivier, 1791b: 578; Latreille, 1796: 188; Lamarck, 1801: 176; Latreille, 1802: 61; Latreille, 1806: 133-135; Leach, 1814: 418; Latreille, 1817a: 107-108; Lamarck, 1818: 77-78; Latreille, 1837: 315-316; Lamarck, 1838: 105-106; Lamarck, 1839: 300; C. L. Koch, 1839: 6; C. L. Koch, 1842: 353; Gervais, 1849: 14-15; C. L. Koch, 1850: 96; Stolickza, 1869: 208-209; Butler, 1873: 418; Simon, 1879a: 96-97; Simon, 1879c: 77; Pocock, 1895a: 74-75; Pocock, 1897b: 251; Kraepelin, 1899a: 201; Kraepelin, 1900: 3-5; Pocock, 1900b: 136; Kraepelin, 1901: 10-11; Birula, 1905b: 249-250; Roewer, 1934: 514; Birula, 1938: 110-111; Roewer, 1941: 159; Roewer, 1960: 12.
Zerbina
Karsch, 1880: 233 (synonymiszed by Kraepelin, 1901: 10).
Mesogaleodes
Heymons, 1902: 12-13 (synonymized by Roewer, 1934: 505).
Galeodes (Galeodes)
Olivier: Binda, 1905b: 250; Turk, 1960: 109.
Galeodibus
Roewer, 1934: 511 (synonymized by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodora
Roewer, 1934: 513 (synonymized by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodenna
Roewer, 1934: 513-514 (synonymized by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodila
Roewer, 1934: 536; Roewer, 1960: 13 (synonymized with Galeodes (Galeodellus) Roewer by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodellus
Roewer, 1934: 537; Roewer, 1960: 15 (synonymized by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodarus
Roewer, 1934: 547-548 (synonymized with Galeodes (Galeodellus) by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodessus
Roewer, 1934: 549 (synonymiszed by Turk, 1960: 109).
Galeodes (Galeodellus)
Roewer: Binda, 1938: 112; Turk, 1960: 109.
Galeodes (Galeodenna)
Roewer: Turk, 1960: 109.

Type species:
of Galeodes: Phalangium araneoides Pallas, 1772, by subsequent designation of Latreille, 1802: 61.
of Zerbina: Gluvia gracilis
C. L. Koch, 1847, by original designation.
of Mesogaleodes: Mesogaleodes heliophilus Heymons, 1902, by monotypy.
of Galeodibus: Galeodes blanchardi Simon, 1891, by original designation.
of Galeodora: Galeodora distincta Roewer, 1934, by original designation.
of Galeodenna: Galeodes fischeri Hirst, 1908 (junior synonym of Galeodes indicus australis Pocock, 1900b), by original designation.
of Galeodila: Galeodila bengalica Roewer, 1934, by original designation.
of Galeodellus: Galeodes caspius Birula, 1890a, by original designation.
of Galeodarus: Galeodarus insidiator Roewer, 1934, by original designation.
of Galeodellus: Galeodessus taurus Roewer, 1934, by original designation.

Distribution: Africa, Asia, south-eastern Europe.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Original description:

Translation: 

172 species (three with recognized subspecies) are included in the genus:

 

Galeodes abessinicus Roewer

Galeodes abessinicus Roewer, 1934: 534; Moriggi, 1941: 288; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Type locality: SW. ofT'ana Hayk' (as Lake Tana), Amhara, Ethiopia.
Distribution: Ethiopia.

Galeodes adamsi (Turk)

Galeodora adamsi Turk, 1947: 77-80, fig. 3. Galeodes adamsi (Turk): Harvey, 2002: 451.
Type locality: Habbanlya, near Baghdad, Al Anbar, Iraq.
Distribution: Iraq.

Galeodes afghanus Pocock

Galeodes afghanus Pocock, 1895a: 82-83; Pocock, 1900b: 140-141; Kraepelin, 1901: 19.
Galeodellus afghanus
(Pocock): Roewer, 1934: 546-547; Roewer, 1960: 17.
Type locality: between Quetta, Baluchistan, Pakistan; and Kandahar, Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Distribut+-ion: Afghanistan, Pakistan.plate

Galeodes agilis Pocock

Galeodes agilis Pocock, 1895b: 445-446, A figs 1-1 c; Pocock, 1900b: 140; Kraepelin, 1901: l7-18.
Galeodellus agilis
(Pocock): Roewer, 1934: 545; Zilch, 1946: 139.
Type locality: Bikanir, Rajputana, Punjab, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes anatoliae Turk

Galeodes anatoliae Turk, 1960: 111-112.
Type locality: Tuz Golu, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.
Note: There are several localities with the name "Tuz Golu" in Turkey.

Galeodes annandalei Hirst

Galeodes annandalei Hirst, 1908: 245-246; Roewer, 1934: 528; Zilch, 1946: 142; Lawrence, 1954a: 120.
Type locality: Malakand, North- West Frontier, Pakistan.
Distribution: India, Pakistan.

Galeodes arabs C .L. Koch

Galeodes araneoides (Pallas): Olivier, 1807: 307, plate 42 fig. 3; Blanchard, 1852: 25? (not seen) (misidentifications).
Solpuga araneoides (Pallas): Audouin, 1826: 176-178, fig. 7; Audouin, 1829: 416-419, fig. 7 (misidentifications ).
Galeodes arabs
C .L. Koch, 1842: 353; C .L. Koch, 1847: 85-86, fig. 1476; C .L. Koch, 1850: 97; L. Koch, 1878: 38; Simon, 1879a: 105; Bernard, 1894a: fig. 2; Pocock, 1895a: 77 (in part; see Galeodes graecus (C .L. Koch); Pocock, 1895b: 446-447; Bernard, 1896: 307, plate XXVII figs 5, 11, plate XXVIII fig. 15, plate XXX fig. 11, plate XXXI figs 6, 10, 16-18, plate XXXII figs 18-19, plate XXXIV fig. 10; Pavesi, 1897b: 158; Pocock, 1897a: 392; Kraepelin, 1899a: 202-203; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 21; Pocock, 1902a: 239, fig. 27; Kraepelin, 1903: 571-572; Birula, 1905b: 253; Tullgren, 1907a: 1; Birula, 1908a: 149-150; Birula, 1909: 520-521; Simon, 1909b: 42; Hirst, 1911a: 220, fig. 1; Lampe, 1918: 207; Birula, 1925: 192-200, figs 1, 3a, 4a, Sa, 6a; Loveridge, 1925: 309; Binda, 1926: 179, 181-183; Caporiacco, 1927: 60 (in part, see Galeodila somalica Caporiacco); Borelli, 1930: 219; Caporiacco, 1932: 406; Roewer, 1933: figs 176-177, 192; Roewer, 1934: 532; Caporiacco, 1936: 98; Fage, in Fage and Simon, 1936: 309-310; Birula, 1938: fig. 74a; Warren, 1939a: 167-168, figs Ig-k, 8(6, 13-14); Warren, 1939b: fig. 9(3); Caporiacco, 1941: 42; Moriggi, 1941: 286-287; Roewer, 1941: 161; Caporiacco, 1944: 95; Zilch, 1946: 142; Millot and Vachon, 1949: figs 242, 272; Vachon, 1950: 106; Lawrence, 1954a: 120; Petrunkevitch, 1955a: fig. Ill; Kastner, 1956: fig. 588; Vachon, 1958: 477-480, figs 1-7; Benoit, 1964: 97; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109; Savory, 1964a: figs 34, 89, 94; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 108, 110, 112, 114, 115, fig. 23; Kaestner, 1968: 224, fig. 12-9; Kaestner, 1969: fig. 617; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1977: 65; Savory, 1977: figs 94, 99, 104; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 140; Bauchhenss, 1983: 129, fig. 8; Barnes, 1987: fig. 13-44; Vanni, Bartolozzi and Whitman-Mascherini, 1988: 375; Brusca and Brusca, 1990: fig. 4h; Alroth, 1992: fig. 1; Ruppert and Barnes, 1994: fig. 13-39a; Selden and Dunlop, 1998: fig. 7.l.
Gluvia gracilis
C .L. Koch, 1842: 355; C .L. Koch 1847: 97-98, fig. 1485; C .L. Koch, 1850: 97; Butler, 1873: 424; Simon, 1879a: 144 (synonymiszed by Kraepelin, 1901: 21).
Galeodes lucasii
Dufour, 1861: 385-388, plate 2 fig. 5; Butler, 1873: 420 (synonymiszed by Simon, 1879a: 99).
Galeodes graecus
C .L. Koch: Simon, 1879a: 100 (in part).
Rhax arabs
(Olivier): Simon, 1879a: 123.
Zerbina gracilis
(C .L. Koch): Karsch, 1880: 233, figs 17, 17a-b.
Zerbina (Gluvia) gracilis
(C .L. Koch): Putnam, 1883: 268.
Galeodes (Galeodes) arabs
C .L. Koch: Birula, 1914: 662. Not Galeodes arabs C .L. Koch: Butler, 1873: 418 (misidentification, see Galeodes araneoides (Pallas)); Cloudsley-Thompson, 1961a: 145-152, figs 1-3 (misidentification; see Galeodes granti Pocock); Cloudsley-Thompson, 1961b: 257-263, figs 1-3 (misidentification; see Galeodes granti Pocock); Cloudsley-Thompson, 1964a: 453 (misidentification; see Galeodes granti Pocock). Galeodes arabs arabs C .L. Koch: Kraepelin, 1899a: 203 (as "G. arabs typicus").
Type localities:
of Galeodes arabs: Arabia.
of Gluvia gracilis: Colombia (probably mislabelled) .
of Galeodes lucasii: southern Algeria (as "Algiria australiori") .
Distribution: Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen.

Galeodes arabs arabs C.L Koch

Distribution: Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, I.ran, Iraq, Israel, Kenya, Libya, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen.

Galeodes arabs syriacus Kraepelin

Galeodes arabs syriacus Kraepelin, 1899a: 203; Kraepelin, 1901: 22 (as Galeodes arabs syriaca [sic]); Werner, 1902: 607 (as Galeodes arabs syriaca [sic]); Roewer, 1934: 532; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 148.
Type localities: Beirut, Jabal Lubnan, Lebanon; Yafo (as Jaffa), Tel Aviv, Israel.
Distribution: Israel, Lebanon, Syria.

Galeodes araneoides (Pallas)

Phalangium araneoides Pallas, 1772: 37, plate III figs 7-9; Fabricius, 1781: 549; Fabricius, 1787: 347; Fabricius, 1793: 431.
Galeodes araneoides
(Pallas): Olivier, 1791b: 579, 580; Lamarck, 1801: 176 (as aranoides [sic]); Lamarck, 1802 61 (as aranoides [sic]); Latreille, 1806: 133-136; Olivier, 1807: 443, plate 42 fig. 3; Latreille, 18lO: 425; Leach, 1814: 418; Lamarck, 1818: 79; Dumeril, 1820: 76; Duges and Edwards, 1836: plate 20 figs 1, 1a-f, plate 20 bis figs la, 1a-b; Guerin-Meneville, 1838b: 11, plate 4 figs 4a-d; Lamarck, 1838: 106-107; Lamarck, 1839: 300-301; C .L. Koch, 1842: 353; Gervais, 1844: 88, plate 26 fig. 1; C .L. Koch, 1847: 83-85, fig. 1475; C .L. Koch, 1850: 97; Dufour, 1861: 383-384; Wood, 1863: unnumbered fig. on p. 679; Butler, 1873: 418-419; Pavesi, 1876: 73; C L. Koch, 1878: 38; Simon, 1879a: 99-100; Simon, 1879c: 77; Croneberg, 1887: 163-164, figs 1-2; Pocock, 1889b: 118; Walter, 1889: 1096; Birula, 1890b: 66-68, figs 11-12; Birula, 1892: 687-688; Simon, 1892: 7; Birula, 1893: 82-87; Hansen, 1893: 185, 187; Birula, 1895a: 293-324, figs 1-12; Kraepelin, 1899a: 202; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 18; Borner, 1902: fig. 3; Birula, 1905a: 405-406; Birula, 1905b: 251-252; Werner, 1905: 113; Tullgren, 1907a: 1-2; Kraepelin, 1908c: 211; Birula, 1912: 296-312; Penther, 1913: 107; Birula, 1924: 227-235; Birula, 1925: 192-200, figs 2, 3b, 4b, 5b, 6b; Morin, 1928: 85; Birula, 1929a: 161-168; Birula, 1929b: 282; Pavlovsky and Stein, 1930a: 158-163, fig. 1; Pawlowsky and Stein, 1930b: 8-15, figs 1-4; Pavlovsky, 1932: fig. 10; Roewer, 1932: figs 20, 35-37, 45, 47-49, 80; Kastner, 1933-1935: figs 268, 294, 309, 321, 326, 338, 341, 354-355, 358-359; Roewer, 1933: figs 193-201,207-209, 315-316,319; Roewer, 1934: 526-527, fig. 360; Birula, 1938: 116-118, figs 74b, 75a-b; Roewer, 1941: 159; Vachon, 1945: 476,477,480, figs 5-9; Vinogradov, 1948: 293, fig. 187 (as Galeodes arenaeoides [sic]); Kobakhidze, 1949: 300; Millot and Vachon, 1949: fig. 249; Crome, 1956: fig. 60; Roewer, 1959a: 35; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109; Savory, 1964a: fig. 187 (as aranoides [sic]); Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 108, 110, 114; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1977: 67; Savory, 1977: fig. lO 1; Aliev, 1978: 19; Aliev, 1981: 10; Aliev and Gadzhiev, 1983a: 44-45; Aliev, 1984a: 22; Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22.
Solpuga arachnodes
Lichtenstein, 1796: 217; Lichtenstein, in Lichtenstein and Herbst, 1797: 37, plate I fig. 2 (synonymized by Latreille, 1806: 133).
Solpuga persica
Lichtenstein, in Lichtenstein and Herbst, 1797: 35-37; Gervais, 1844: 88; Butler, 1873: 418 (tentatively synonymised by Simon, 1879a: 99).
Solpuga araneoides
(Pallas): Leach, 1815: 392.
Galeodes intrepidus Dufour: Kittary, 1848: 309-369, figs 1-18 (misidentification).Galeodes arabs C .L. Koch: Butler, 1873: 418 (misidentification).
Galeodes araneoides
(Pallas)?: Bernard, 1893b: 441, fig. 7.
Galeodes hector
Pocock, 1895a: 78-79 (tentatively synonymised by Kraepelin, 1901: 18).
Galeodes araneoides araneoides
(Pallas): Kraepelin, 1899a: 202 (as "G. araneoides typicus"); Kraepelin, 1901: 19; Heymons, 1902: 4-5; Birula, 1905b: 251-252; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodes
aff. araneoides (Pallas): Kraepelin, 1899b: 376.
Galeodes araneoides persicus
(Lichtenstein): Birula, 1905b: 252. Not Solpuga araneoides (Olivier): Audouin, 1826: 176-178, fig. 7; Audouin, 1829: 416-419, fig. 7 (misidentifications; see Galeodes arabs C .L. Koch).
Type localities:
of Phalangium araneoides: unknown.
of Solpuga arachnodes: near Volgograd (as "Russia australia prope Zaricin"), Volgograd, Russia.
of Solpuga persica: Iran (as Persia).
of Galeodes hector: Izmir (as Smyrna), Izmir, Turkey; S. of Izmir (as Smyrna), Izmir, Turkey; Bodrum (as Budrum), Mugla, Turkey/
Distribution: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Russia (Volgograd), Syria, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine.

Galeodes armeniacus Birula

Galeodes armeniacus Birula, 1929b: 273-282, figs 1-7; Birula, 1938: 122-124, figs 77a-b; Roewer, 1941: 164, fig. 135; Aliev, 1981: 10; Aliev and Gadzhiev, 1983a: 45.
Galeodes
spec. ? aff. armeniacus Birula: Roewer, 1961a: 480.
Type localities: near Parakar (as near Tschadyrlu (Parakar), Etschmiadzin Distict), Armavir, Armenia; E. vicinities of Yerevan (as Eriwan), Yerevan, Armenia; Saidji, Aras River (as Araxes River) valley, Ararat, Armenia; near Arevashat (as Varmaziar, Etschmiadzin District), Armavir, Armenia; Arazdaian, Aras River (as Araxes River) valley, Ararat, Armenia; near Ordubad, Aras River (as Araxes River) valley, Naxifivan, Azerbaijan; near Culfa (as Dshulfa), Naxifivan, Azerbaijan.
Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey?

Galeodes ater (Roewer)

Galeodellus ater Roewer, 1960: 18-19.
Galeodes ater
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 451.
Type locality: Qal' eh Lakou, Kabul Valley, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes atriceps Roewer

Galeodes atriceps Roewer, 1934: 529; Zilch, 1946: 143; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109.
Type locality: Kerman, Kermc1n, Iran.
Distribution: Iran, Israel.

Galeodes atroluteus (Roewer)

Galeodes atroluteus Roewer, 1960: 22-23.
Type locality: Aliabad, Kabol, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes atrospinatus (Roewer)

Galeodellus atrospinatus Roewer, 1941: 175-176, figs 147-148; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Galeodes atrospinatus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 45l.
Type locality: Baluchistan (as "Belutschistan"), Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes aulicus Hirst

Galeodes aulicus Hirst, 1908: 241-242.
Galeodellus aulicus
(Hirst): Roewer, 1934: 545.
Galeodes (Galeodellus) aulicus
Hirst: Panouse, 1964: 48.
Type locality: Sis tan (as "Seistan"), Sistan va Baluchestan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes auronitens Birula

Galeodes auronitens Birula, 1905a: 399-400; Birula, 1905b: 257-258.
Galeodellus auronitens
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 547.
Type locality: Khorc1sc1n (as Chorassan), Iran; Sistan (as "Seistan"), Sistan va Baluchestan, Iran; eastern Kerman, Kermc111, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes australis Pocock

Galeodes orientalis Stoliczka: Simon, 1885b: 1-2 ( misidentification).
Galeodes indicus australis
Pocock, 1900b: 143-144; Tikader, 1973: 264.
Galeodes fatalis
(Lichtenstein): Kraepelin, 1901: 19-20 (misidentification, in part).
Galeodes fischeri
Hirst, 1908: 244-245 (synonymized by Roewer, 1934: 514, who incorrectly used Galeodes fischeri as the valid name).
Galeodenna fischeri
(Hirst): Roewer, 1934: 514; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodenna australis
(Pocock): Whittick, 1939: 449; Roewer, 1941: 158-159.
Type localities:
of Galeodes indicus australis: Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.
of Galeodes fischeri: north Coimbatore District, Madras, Tamil Nadu, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes babylonicus Roewer

Galeodes babylonicus Roewer, 1934: 532; Zilch, 1946: 143; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 1lO; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 140.
Type locality: Babylon (ancient site), Babil, Iraq (type locality restricted by Zilch (1946)).
Distribution: Iraq, Israel.

Galeodes bacillatus Birula

Galeodes bacillatus Birula, 1905a: 397-398; Birula, 1905b: 258-2~9.
Galeodellus bacillatus
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 546.
Type localities: Khorasan (as Chorassan), Iran; Behars, Iran; Sarghad, Iran; Sistan (as "Seistan"), Sistan va Baluchestan, Iran; Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes bacillifer Pocock

Galeodes bacillifer Pocock, 1900b: 144-145; Hirst, 1908: 245; Roewer, 1934: 528-529; Whittick, 1939: 444-446, figs 1a-c; Roewer, 1941: 160; Zilch, 1946: 143; Roewer, 1952c: 510 (as Galeodes bacillfer [sic]); Lawrence, 1954a: 120; Lawrence, 1956: 129
Not Galeodes bacillifer Pocock: Birula, 1905a: 395-396; Birula, 1905b: 256-257 (misidentifications; see Galeodes bacilliferoides Roewer).
Type locality: northern Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan.

Galeodes bacilliferoides Roewer

Galeodes bacillifer Pocock: Birula, 1905a: 395-396; Birula, 1905b: 256-257 (misidentifications).
Galeodes bacilliferoides
Roewer, 1934: 529; Zilch, 1946: 143; Roewer, 1952c: 510.
Type localities: Bampflr, Sistan va Baluchestan, Iran; Kerman, Kerman, Iran; Balflchestan,
Sistan va Baluchestan,
Iran.
Distribution: Iran, Iraq, Pakistan.

Galeodes bactrianus Birula

Galeodes (Galeodellus) bactrianus Birula, 1937 a: 565-569, figs 1-2.
Galeodes bactrianus
Birula: Birula, 1938: 131-132; Gromov, 1998a: 185. 259
Galeodellus bactrianus
(Binda): Roewer, 1941: 171, fig. 139.
Galeodes ?bactrianus
Birula: Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22.
Type localities: Kanimekh, Navoiy, Uzbekistan; Dzharkurgan, Surkhal1darya, Uzbekistan; Termiz (as Termez), Surkhmldarya, Uzbekistan; and Sherzhan (as Shirdzhan), Surkhandarya, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes barbarus Lucas

Galeodes barbarus Lucas: Duges and Edwards, 1836: plate 20 bis figs 2, 2a (nomen nlldum) (as Galeodes barbara [sic]); Blanchard, 1847: 227-238, figs 1-3 (nomen nudum) (as Galeodcs barbara [sic]).
Galeodes intrepidus
Dufour: C. L. Koch, 1842: 354 (misidentification); C .L. Koch, 1847: 89-91, fig. 1479 (misidentification); Lucas, 1849: 281-282 (misidentification); Dufour, 1861: 384-385, plate 1 fig. 3 (misidentification).
Galeodes barbarus
Lucas, 1849: 279-281, plate 18 fig. 7; Dufour, 1853: 5-8, figs 1-3 (as Galeodes barbara [sic]); Dufour, 1861: 379-381, plate 1 fig. 1; Butler, 1873: 420; Simon, 1879a: 102-103, fig. 4; Simon, 1879c: 77; Pavesi, 1880: 316; Simon, 1885c: 44; Bertkau, 1892a: lO; Bertkau, 1892b: 1lO; Pocock, 1895a: 75; Simon, 1899b: 85; Daiber, 1913: figs 40b, 41b; Caporiacco, 1932: 407; Roewer, 1934: 534; Caporiacco, 1936: 99; Caporiacco, 1937a: 147; Moriggi, 1941: 287; Roewer, 1941: 162; Vachon, 1945: 476,480, figs 3,10; Zilch, 1946: 143; Benoit, 1964: 95-96, fig. 6; Delle Cave, 1979b: 396, fig. 1; Bauchhenss, 1983: 129,fig.1.
Paragaleodes barbarus
(Lucas): Kraepelin, 1899a: 204; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 24; Werner, 1902: 607; Tullgren, 1907a: 2; Kraepelin, 1908c: 217; Borelli, 1925: 12; Borelli, 1930: 219 (as Paragaleodes barbatus [sic]).
Galeodes (Paragaleodes) barbarus
(Lucas): Binda, 1914: 662.
Type locality: Algeria.
Distribution: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia.

Galeodes belutschistanus (Roewer)

Galeodellus belutschistanus Roewer, 1934: 547; Roewer, 1941: 170; Zilch, 1946: 140; Roewer, 1960:17.
Galeodes belutschistanus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Panjgur (as Pandjgur), Makran, Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan.

Galeodes bengalicus (Roewer)

Galeodila bengalica Roewer, 1934: 537; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodila
sp. near bengalica Roewer: Whittick, 1939: 449.
Galeodes bengalicus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Chotan Nagpur, Bihar, India; and Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes bicolor Roewer

Galeodes bicolor Roewer, 1934: 530; Zilch, 1946: 143; Turk, 1960: 117; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109.
Type locality: Panjgur (as Pandjgur), Makran, Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Israel, Pakistan.

Galeodes blanchardi Simon

Galeodes blanchardi Simon, 1891: 198-199; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 15; Simon, 1909a: 41; Caporiacco, 1932: 406; Weidner, 1959: 110.
Galeodes (Galeodes) blanchardi
Simon: Birula, 1914: 662.
Galeodibus blanchardi
(Simon): Roewer, 1934: 513; Caporiacco, 1936: 98; Caporiacco, 1937b: 353; Roewer, 1941: 158; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Type locality: Kef-el-Dor, chott Melrir, Biskra, Algeria.
Distribution: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Togo, Tunisia.

Galeodes bocharicus Roewer

Galeodes bocharicus Roewer, 1934: 527; Birula, 1938: 142; Zilch, 1946: 143.
Type locality: Turan, Bukhara (as "Bochara"), Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Uzbekistan.

Galeodes bogojavlenskii Birula

Galeodes bogojavlenskii Birula, 1906b: 25-28, fig. 2; Roewer, 1934: 527; Birula, 1938: 125-126, fig. 78, plate 1; Zilch, 1946: 143; Lawrence, 1954a: 120; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109.
Type localities: Kadabian, Khatlon, Tajikistan; and Kuljab, Kuljab District, Khatlon, Tajikistan.
Distribution: Iraq, Israel, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes bubi Birula

Galeodes (Galeodellus) bubi Birula, 1937a: 575-577, figs 5-6; Birula, 1938: 137-139. Galeodellus bubi (Birula): Roewer, 1941: 173, fig. 144.
Type locality: Fergana (as Ferghana), Fergana, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Uzbekistan.

Galeodes caspius Birula

Galeodes caspius Birula, 1890a: 205; Birula, 1890b: 68-69, figs 5-8; Bernard, 1896: plate XXVII fig. 4; Schmidt, 1896  30; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Heymons, 1902: 7-9; Kraepelin, 1901: 16; Binda, 1905b: 259; Birula, 1906a: 46-47, fig. 3; Zykoff, 1911: 543-544, unnumbered fig.; Pavlovsky, 1916: 53, 54, 55; Birula, 1925: figs 3c, 5c; Giltay, 1926: 27-32, figs 1-3; Kastner, 1932: figs 7-8; Pavlovsky, 1932: 289-290, figs 5, 13; Roewer, 1932: fig. 19; Kastner, 1933-1935: figs 278, 284, 286-293, 302-303,306,308,317,327-328,330,332-337, 339-340, 356-357; Roewer, 1933: figs 205-206; Kastner, 1952b: 8-19, figs 6, 14; Birula, 1938: 126-128, figs 74c, 79; Vinogradov, 1948: 294; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 118, 119; Kaestner, 1968: 218,221; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1977: 67; Aliev and Gadzhiev, 1983a: 45; Kuznetsov, 1985: 71; Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22; Gromov, 1996: 103; Gromov, 1998a: 186, fig. 2; Gromov, 1998b: 57-59.
Galeodes lehmanni
Birula, 1890a: 205-206; Kraepelin, 1901: 17 (synonymiszed by Birula, 1938: 126).
Galeodes caspius var.lehmanni
Birula: Birula, 1890b: 69-70.
Galeodes caspius lehmanni
Birula: Heymons, 1902: 9-10; Pavlovsky, 1932: 290.
Galeodes
sp. aff. caspius Birula: Birula, 1905b: 260.
Galeodellus caspius
(Birula): Roewer, 1933: fig. 219; Roewer, 1934: 542-543, figs 356a-b, 357, 359, 361; Roewer, 1941: 170; Zilch, 1946: 140; Kastner, 1952a: figs 4, 8-9.
Galeodellus lehmanni
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 543-544; Zilch, 1946: 141; Levy and Shulov, 1964: Ill.
Type localities:
of Galeodes caspius: Turkmenistan.
of Galeodes lehmanni: Krasnovodsk (as Krasnowodsk), Balkan, Turkmenistan; Fort Shevchenko, Mangistau, Kazakhstan.
Distribution: Azerbaijan, China (Xizang Zizhiqu), Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes caspius caspius Birula

Distribution: Azerbaijan, China (Xizang Zizhiqu), Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes caspius fuscus Birula

Galeodes caspius var.fuscus Birula, 1890b: 69.
Galeodes caspius turkestanus
Heymons, 1902: 10-11 [junior primary homonym of Galeodes araneoides turkestanus Kraepelin, 1899a].
Galeodellus heymonsi
Roewer, 1934: 544; Weidner, 1959: 109; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 143 (synonymized by Birula, 1938: 128) Galeodes (Galeodellus) fuscus Birula: Birula, 1937a: 572-575.
Galeodes fuscus
Birula: Birula, 1938: 128-129; Dubinin, 1946: 98.
Galeodellus fuscus
(Birula): Roewer, 1941: 172; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Galeodes caspius fuscus
Birula: Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22.
Type localities:
of Galeodes caspius var. fuscus: Murza-Rabat (as Golodnaya Step'), Syrdarya, Uzbekistan.
of Galeodes caspius turkestanus: Turkestan (as Turkestanischen Hungersteppe), Uzbekistan.
of Galeodellus heymonsi: Murza-Rabat (as Golodnaya Step'), Syrdarya,
UzJ,,~kistan.
Distribution: Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan.

Galeoces caspius pallasi Birula

Galeodes caspius pallasi Birula, 1912: 31l.
Galeodes pallasi
Birula: Birula, 1938: 134-135; Davygora and Rusakov, 2001: 211.
Galeodes caspius pallasi
Birula: Gromov and Kopdykbaev, 1994: 22.
Type locality: near Inder Lake, Inder District, Atyrau, Kazakhstan.
Distribution: Kazakhstan.

Galeodes caspius subfuscus Birula

Galeodes (Galeodellus) fuscus subfuscus Birula, 1937a: 574.
Galeodes caspius subfuscus
Birula: Gromov and
Kopdykbae~ 1994:22.
Type localities: Kirgiz Mtn Range (as "Alexander Gebirgsriicken"), Kazakhstan/Kyrgyzstan; N. of Balkhash Lake (as "Balchash-See"), Kazakhstan; and IIi River valley, Karatal River valley and Lepsa River valley, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Distribution: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan.

Galeodes chitralensis Hirst

Galeodes chitralensis Hirst, 1908: 243-244; Roewer, 1934: 528; Zilch, 1946: 143.
Type locality: Chitral, North- West Frontier, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes citrinus Pocock

Galeodes citrinus Pocock, 1895a: 81-82; Pocock, 1899c: 403, 404; Kraepelin, 1901: 17; Birula, 1905b: 254; Hirst, 1908: 243; Roewer, 1934: 529; Zilch, 1946: 143.
Type locality: Jask, Hormozgan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran, Pakistan.

Galeodes clavatus Roewer

Galeodes clavatus Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 143; Kraus, 1959: 97. Type locality: E. Sfax, Safaqis, Tunisia.
Distribution: Tunisia.
Galeodes claviger
Kraus
Galeodes claviger
Kraus, 1959: 96, figs 4-6.
Type locality: 20 km NE. of Ahwaz, near Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes conversus Roewer

Galeodes conversus Roewer, 1934: 531; Whittick, 1939: 446; Roewer, 1941: 161; Zilch, 1946: 143.
Type locality: Izmir (as Smyrna), Izmir, Turkey (type locality restricted by Zilch (1946)).
Distribution: Azerbaijan, Turkey.

Galeodes crassichelis Roewer

Galeodes crassichelis Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 143.
Type locality: Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.
Distribution: Tunisia.

Galeodes ctenogaster (Roewer)

Galeodellus ctenogaster Roewer, 1934: 544; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Galeodes ctenogaster
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Leh, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes ctenoides Roewer

Galeodes ctenoides Roewer, 1934: 530; Roewer,
1941: 159; Zilch, 1946: 143; Roewer, 1959a: 35; Weidner, 1959:110.
Type locality: Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes cursor (Roewer)

Galeodellus cursor Roewer, 1934: 545; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Galeodes cursor
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Peshawar (as Peschawar), North- West Frontier, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes dahlahensis Harvey

Galeodellus lindbergi Roewer, 1960: 18 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes lindbergi Roewer, 1960].
Galeodes dahlahensis
Harvey, 2002: 452 [replacement name for Galeodellus lindbergi Roewer, 1960].
Type locality: road between Dahlah and Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes darendensis Harvey

Galeodes atroluteus Roewer, 1961: 479-4S0 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes atroluteus (Roewer, 1960)].
Galeodes darendensis
Harvey, 2002: 452 [replacement name for Galeodes atroluteus Roewer, 1961].
Type locality: 9 km E. of Darende, Anatolia, Malatya, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes darius Pocock

Galeodes darius Pocock, IS95a: SI; Pocock, IS99c: 403; Kraepelin, 1901: 17; Birula, 1905b: 260; Hirst, 1905: 241. Galeodellus darius (Pocock): Roewer, 1934: 547; Zilch, 1946: 140; Levy and Shulov, 1964: Ill.
Type locality: Al Faw (as Fao), Al Basrah, Iraq.
Distribution: Iraq, Israel.

Galeodes dekanicus (Roewer)

Galeodenna dekanica Roewer, 1934: 514; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodes dekanicus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Tirunelveli (as "Tinnevelly"), Tamil Nadu, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes dellacaveae Harvey

Galeodes arabs (C .L. Koch): Caporiacco, 1927: 60 (misidentification, in part).
Galeodila somalica
Caporiacco, 1944: 95-96 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes somalicus Roewer,1934].
Galeodes dellacaveae
Harvey, 2002: 452 [replacement name for Galeodila somalica Caporiacco, 1944].
Type locality: Mogadishu (as Mogadiscio), Banaadir, Somalia.
Distribution: Somalia.

Galeodes discolor Kraepelin

Galeodes araneoides discolor Kraepelin, IS99a: 202; Kraepelin, 1901: 19; Birula, 1905b: 251; Moritz and Fischer, 19S0: 141 (in part; see Galeodes truculentus Pocock).
Galeodes discolor
Kraepelin: Roewer, 1934: 530; Zilch, 1946: 144.
Galeodes aranenoides
[sic] discolor Kraepelin: Weidner, 1959: 109.
Type locality: Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes distinctus (Roewer)

Galeodora distincta Roewer, 1934: 513; Zilch, 1946: 149.
Galeodes distinctus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Beirut,
Jabal Lulmclll, Lebanon.
Distribution: Lebanon.

Galeodes edentatus Benoit

Galeodes edentatus Benoit, 1964: 93-95, figs 2-5.
Type locality: Khartoum, Al Khartul1l, Sudan.
Distribution: Sudan.

Galeodes egregius Roewer

Galeodes egregius Roewer, 1934: 530; Whittick, 1939: 446; Roewer, 1941: 160; Zilch, 1946: 144.
Type locality: Kura-Steppe, "Transkaukasien".
Distribution: Azerbaijan.

Galeodes elegans Roewer

Galeodes elegans Roewer, 1933: fig. 214a (nomen nudum).
Galeodes elegans
Roewer, 1934: 531; Zilch, 1946: 144; Weidner, 1959: 110.
Galeodes (Galeodes) elegans
Roewer: Panouse, 1964: 4S.
Type locality: valley ofVardar (River) and Struma (River), Macedonia.
Distribution: Macedonia.

Galeodes ephippiatus Roewer

Galeodes ephippiatus Roewer, 1941: 16S; Zilch, 1946: 144.
Type locality: Khorasan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes excelsius (Lawrence)

Galeodellus excelsius Lawrence, 1956: 131-132; Roewer, 1960: IS. 262
Galeodes excelsius
(Lawrence): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Puistagoli, Koh -i -Baba, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes fatalis (Lichtenstein)

Solpuga fatalis Lichtenstein, 1796: 217; Lichtenstein, in Lichtenstein and Herbst, 1797: 32-34, plate I figs 1, 1 a; Latreille, lS17b: 374; Gervais, lS44: S7-SS; Karsch, lSS0: fig. 3; Hansen, IS93: 17S, lSI, lS2, IS4, IS6, lS9, plate III fig. 6-S, 10; International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1995: 2S3.
Galeodes fatalis
(Lichtenstein): Lamarck, 1818: 79; Lamarck, 1838: 107; C .L. Koch, 1842: 353; Lamarck, 1839: 301; Butler, 1873: 419; Simon, 1879a: 106; Pocock, 1895b: 441-444, plate A fig. 2, 2a, plate B fig. 1, 1a (misidentification, in part; see Galeodes indicus Pocock); Bernard, 1896: plate XXIX fig. 9; Pocock, 1900b: 137-138; Kraepelin, 1901: 19-20 (in part, see Galeodes australis Pocock and Galeodes schach Birula); Birula, 1905b: 255; Roewer, 1932: figs 158-159, 162; Kastner, 1933-1935: fig. 305.
Galeodes vorax
Hutton, 1842: 857-863; Hutton, 1843: 81-85; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1977: 68 (synonymiszed by Pocock, 1895b: 441).
Galeodes bengalensis
Butler, 1873: 419, figs 3, 3a-b; Simon, 1879a: 106 (synonymiszed by Pocock, 1895b: 441).
Galeodes orientalis
Stoliczka: Simon, 1885b: 1-2 (misidentification, see Galeodes australis Pocock).
Galeodellus fatalis
(Lichtenstein): Roewer, 1934: 544-545; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Type localities:
of Solpuga fatalis: "Bengala" (a former province of India which is now divided between India and Bangladesh).
of Galeodes vorax: India.
of Galeodes bengalensis: "Bengal" (a former province of India which is now divided between India and Bangladesh).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India.

Galeodes fessanus (Roewer)

Galeodibus fessanus Roewer, 1934: 513; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodes fessanus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Fezzan (as Fessan), Awbari, Libya.
Distribution: Libya.

Galeodes festivus Hirst

Galeodes festivus Hirst, 1908: 242.
Galeodellus festivus
(Hirst): Roewer, 1934: 545-546; Roewer, 1941: 170; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Type locality: Sistan (as "Seistan"), Sistan va Baluchestan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes flavivittatus (Roewer)

Galeodibus f1avivittatus Roewer, 1934: 513; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodes Jlavivittatus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Oran, Oran, Algeria.
Distribution: Algeria.

Galeodes forcipatus Roewer

Galeodes forcipatus Roewer, 1934: 531; Whittick, 1939: 446; Roewer, 1941: 160; Zilch, 1946: 144.
Type locality:
Eski~ehir (as Eskishehir), Eski!?ehir, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes franki (Kraus)

Othoesfranki Kraus, 1959: 98, figs 9-10.
Galeodes (Galeodarus) franki
(Kraus): Panouse, 1964: 49.
Type locality: 5-15 km NNW. of Ahwaz, near Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes fremitans (Roewer)

Galeodellus fremitans Roewer, 1934: 546; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Galeodes fremitans
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Bela, Balochistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes fumigatus Walter

Galeodes fumigatus Walter, 1889: 1096-1099, fig. 1; Kraepelin, 1901: 15-16; Heymons, 1902: 5-7; Kraepelin, 1908c: 212; Pavlovsky, 1932: 290-291, figs 7-8, 11-12; Roewer, 1932: figs 121, 147; Kastner, 1933-1935: figs 350, 352; Roewer, 1933: figs 165a-d, 173; Birula, 1938: 129-131, figs 80, 81, plate 2; Vinogradov, 1948: 294, fig. 188; Gromov, 1998a: 186, fig. 3; Punzo, 1998g: fig.3-3.
Galeodes ater
Birula, 1890a: 206; Binda, 1890b: 71-72; Birula, 1892: 687-688; Birula, 1895a: 293-324, figs 13-31; Birula, 1895b: xvii; Morin, 1928: 85 (synonymiszed by Kraepelin, 1899a: 201).
Galeodellus fumigatus
(Walter): Roewer, 1934: 544; Roewer, 1941: 170; Zilch, 1946: 140.
Type localities:
of Galeodes fumigatus: Karakumy, 8 km N. of Ashkhabad, Akhal, Turkmenistan.
of Galeodes ater: Cheleken Peninsula (as insula Tsheleken), Balkan, Turkmenistan; and near Ashkhabad, Akhal, Turkmenistan.
Distribution: Iran, Turkmenistan.

Galeodes graecus C .L. Koch

Galeodes araneoides (Pallas): C .L. Koch, 1836: 7, figs 164-165 (misidentification) (not seen).
Galeodes graecus
C .L. Koch, 1842: 353; C .L. Koch, 1850: 97; Butler, 1873: 418; Pavesi, 1876: 73; Pavesi, 1878: 363; Simon, 1879c: 77; Pavesi, 1883: 7; Simon, 1885a: 349; Lucas, 1890: lvi-Ivii; Simon, 1890b: 130; Bertkau, 1892a: 10; Simon, 1892: 7; Bernard, 1893b: 439, fig. 6; Hansen, 1893: 185, 187; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Simon, 1899a: 245; Kraepelin, 1901: 20-21; Werner, 1902: 607; Fage, 1921: 102; Werner, 1922: 144; Roewer, 1928: 452; Drenski, 1931: 87-94, figs 1-4; Kastner, 1932: figs 1-2; Kastner, 1933-1935: figs 273-274, 312; Roewer, 1934: 531; Werner, 1935: 294; Roewer, 1941: 160; Zilch, 1946: 144; Turk, 1948: 271; Millot and Vachon, 1949: figs 243, 244a; Zakhvatkin, 1952: fig. 21; Lawrence, 1954a: 120; Kastner, 1956: fig. 587; Roewer, 1959a: 35; Kaestner, 1968: fig. 12-8; Kaestner, 1969: fig. 616; Barnes, 1987: fig. 13-45; Ludwig and Alberti, 1990: 255, fig. 2; Ludwig and Alberti, 1992: 1-10, figs 1-3, 5, 9, 13-15; Ruppert and Barnes, 1994: fig. 13-39b.
Galeodes arabs
CL. Koch: Pocock, 1895a: 77 (in part).
Not Galeodes graecus CL. Koch: Simon, 1879a: 100-101, fig. 3 (misidentification, see Galeodes occidentalis Simon).
Type locality: Peloponnisos (as Moree), Greece.
Distribution: Armenia, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Syria, Turkey.

Galeodes granti Pocock

Galeodes granti Pocock, 1903a: 215-216; Roewer, 1934: 532; Caporiacco, 1939b: 309-310;  Moriggi, 1941: 287; Roewer, 1941: 162; Caporiacco 1944: 95; Zilch, 1946: 144; Turk, 1948: 271; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1962: 27l-279, fig. 1; Carlisle and Clousley- Thompson, 1962: 684 (as Galeodes grantae [sic]); Benoit, 1964: 93; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1964a: 459; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1964b: 3, plates I, 5; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1967a: 212-215, figs 1-6; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 110, Ill, 119; Ahearn, 1970: 348; CloudsleyThompson, 1975: 267, 273; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1977: 62,64,67,68, plates 2,4-5; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1978: 186, 188-189; CloudsleyThompson, 1984: 190; Cloudsley-Thompson and Constantinou, 1984: 365-369, figs 1a-d; Punzo, 1998g: figs 4-12a-c.
Paragaleodes scalaris
(CL. Koch): Caporiacco, 1927: 60 (misidentification).
Galeodes arabs
CL. Koch: Cloudsley-Thompson, 1961a: 145-152, figs 1-3; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1961b: 257-263, figs 1-3; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1964a: 453 (misidentifications).
Type locality: Al Kabar (as EI Kubar), Dhala, Yemen.
Distribution: Egypt, Ethiopia, Israel, Sudan, Syria, Yemen.

Galeodes gravelyi (Roewer)

Galeodellus gravelyi Roewer, 1934: 545; Zilch, 1946: 14l.
Galeodes gravelyi
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Madurai (as Madura), Tamil Nadu, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes gromovi Harvey

Galeodes truculentus Pocock: Birula, 1924: 227-235, figs 1-4 (misidentification).
Galeodes birulae
Roewer, 1941: 162-163, figs 142-143 [junior primary homonym of Galeodes birulae Hirst, 1912].
Galeodes gromovi
Harvey, 2002: 452 [replacement name for Galeodes birulae Roewer, 1941].
Type localities: several localities in Iraq; several localities in "Kurdistan"; Berdlik, Kurdistan, Van, Turkey.
Distribution: Azerbaijan, Iraq, Turkey.

Galeodes hellenicus Roewer

Galeodes hellenicus Roewer, 1934: 531; Zilch, 1946: 144.
Type locality: Tripolis (as Tripolitsa),Arkadia, Peloponnisos (as Morea), Greece.
Distribution: Greece.

Galeodes indicus Pocock

Galeodes fatalis (Lichtenstein): Pocock, 1895b: 441, plate A fig. 2, plate B fig. 1a (misidentification, in part).
Galeodes indicus
Pocock, 1900b: 142-143, figs 49ac; Simon, 1905: 162; Hirst, 1908: 243; Fischer, 1910: 886-887; Gravely, 1915: 532; Roewer  1934: 527-528; Whittick, 1939: 446-447; Zilch, 1946: 145; Tikader, 1973: 264.
Galeodes indicus obscurior
Pocock, 1900b: 143; Tikader, 1973: 264 (synonymiszed by Whittick, 1939: 447).
Galeodes orientalis
Stoliczka: Simon, 1905: 162 (misidentification).
Type localities: of Galeodes indicus: Bilaspur, Madhya Pradesh, India. of Galeodes indicus obscurior: Pimpalner, East Khandesh, Maharashtra, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes inermis (Caporiacco)

Galeodibus inermis Caporiacco, 1941: 41-42; Moriggi, 1941: 286; Vanni, Bartolozzi and Whitman- Mascherini, 1988: 375.
Galeodes inermis
(Caporiacco): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type localities: Gondaraba, Southern, Ethiopia; mouth of the Segen Wenz (as Foci del Sagan), Southern, Ethiopia.
Distribution: Ethiopia.

Galeodes insidiator (Roewer)

Galeodarus insidiator Roewer, 1934: 548; Zilch, 1946: 139.
Galeodes insidiator
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Hadramawt, Yemen.
Distribution: Yemen.

Galeodes interjectus (Roewer)

Galeodellus interjectus Roewer, 1960: 22. Galeodes interjectus (Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Shahr-e Safa (as Chahr Safa) (between Qalat and Kandahar) Zabol, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes intermedius (Frade)

Galeodibus intermedius Frade, 1948: 12-13, fig. 2; Frade, 1951: 268 (not seen). Galeodes intermedius (Frade): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Contubo-El, Bafata, Guinea-Bissau.
Distribution: Guinea-Bissau.

Galeodes interritus Roewer

Galeodes interritus Roewer, 1934: 529; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: Kantan (as Chantan), Sistan va Baluchestan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes karunensis Birula

Galeodes karunensis Birula, 1905b: 254-255; Roewer, 1934: 530; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: Dezful (as Disful), Khuzestan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes kermanensis Birula

Galeodes kermanensis Birula, 1905b: 260-262.
Galeodellus kermanensis
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 547.
Type locality: Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes koeiena Lawrence

Galeodes koeiena Lawrence, 1956: 129-130; Roewer, 1960: 12.
Type locality: Herat, Herat, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes kozlovi Birula

Galeodes caspius kozlovi Birula, 1911: 199-201; Birula, 1927: 209-210; Roewer, 1935: 1-2.
Galeodellus kozlovi
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 543; Zilch, 1946: 141.
Type localities: between Ikne-gun and Khara-teg Wells, Omnogov, Mongolia; between OrolgenKhuduk and Khoshata Wells, Goizso Boundary,
Nei Mongol,
China; Echijn gol (as Ezsin-gol),
Nei Mongol,
China; Bukte Well, Omnogov, Mongolia.
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol), Mongolia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes kraepelini Roewer

Galeodes kraepelini Roewer, 1934: 533; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 144.
Type locality: Egypt (as "Ober-Agypten").
Distribution: Egypt.

Galeodes krausi Harvey

Galeodes roeweri Kraus, 1959: 97, figs 7-8 [junior primary homonym of Galeodes roeweri Turk, 1948].
Galeodes krausi
Harvey, 2002: 452 [replacement name for Galeodes roeweri Kraus, 1959].
Type locality: 20 km NE. of Ahwaz, near Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes lacertosus Roewer

Galeodes lacertosus Roewer, 1934: 532; Zilch, 1946: 145; Lawrence, 1954a: 120.
Type locality: Wadi al Masilah (as Wadi Masila), Hadramawt, Yemen.
Distribution: Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.

Galeodes laevipalpis Birula

Galeodes laevipalpis Birula, 1905a: 400; Roewer, 1934: 527; Birula, 1938: 124.
Type locality: Sarajas, Fergana, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Uzbekistan.

Galeodes laniator Roewer

Galeodes laniator Roewer, 1934: 532; Roewer, 1941: 161; Zilch, 1946: 145; Turk, 1948: 271; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109.
Type locality: Karbala' (as Kerbela), Karbala: Iraq.
Distribution: Iraq, Israel.

Galeodes lapidosus Roewer

Galeodes lapidosus Roewer, 1934: 531; Zilch, 1946: 145; Roewer, 1961a: 479.
Type locality: Makri, Mugla, Turkey (type locality restricted by Zilch (1946)).
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes lawrencei Harvey

Galeodellus bicolor Lawrence, 1954a: 120-121 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes bicolor Roewer, 1934).
Galeodes (Galeodellus) bicolor
(Lawrence): Panouse, 1964: 48.
Galeodes lawrencei
Harvey, 2002: 452 [replacement name for Galeodellus bicolor Lawrence, 1954aJ.
Type locality: Al Basrah (as Basrah), Al Basrah, Iraq.
Distribution: Iraq.

Galeodes levyi Harvey

Galeodes dorsalis Roewer, 1934: 532; Zilch, 1946: 144; Lawrence, 1954a: 120; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 110 [junior primary homonym of Galeodes dorsalis Latreille, 1817b). Galeodes levyi Harvey, 2002: 453 [replacement name for Galeodes dorsalis Roewer, 1934). Type locality: Al Lith (as "El Lit"), Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Distribution: Israel, Saudi Arabia, Syria.

Galeodes limitatus (Roewer)

Galeodellus limitatus Roewer, 1960: 21-22. Galeodes limitatus (Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Manmak, between Gadjoui and Mousa Khel, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes lindbergi Roewer

Galeodes lindbergi Roewer, 1960: 12-13.
Type locality: Sanguine, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes litigiosus Roewer

Galeodes litigiosus Roewer, 1934: 532; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: Habban, Hadramawt, Yemen.
Distribution: Yemen.

Galeodes loeffleri Roewer

Galeodes loeffleri Roewer, 1952c: 510-511 (as Galeodes lojj1eri).
Type locality: 20 km E. of Hamadan, Hamadan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes luteipalpis (Roewer)

Galeodellus luteipalpis Roewer, 1960: 19.
Galeodes luteipalpis
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Obeh, Herat, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes lybicus Roewer

Galeodes lybicus Roewer, 1941: 168; Zilch, 1946:
Type locality: Labdah (as Ruinen Leptis magna), Khums, Libya.
Distribution: Libya.

Galeodes lycaonis Turk

Galeodes lycaonis Turk, 1960: 112-113, fig. l.
Type locality: Aci Golu, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes macmahoni Pocock

Galeodes macmahoni Pocock, 1900b: 141-142.
Galeodellus macmahoni
(Pocock): Roewer, 1934: 546; Zilch, 1946: 141; Roewer, 1960: 17.
Type locality: northern Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan.

Galeodes marginatus Roewer

Galeodes marginatus Roewer, 1961a: 480.
Type locality: Yumurtalik, Adana, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes mauryi Harvey

Galeodila unicolor Lawrence, 1956: 130-131 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes (Paragaleodes) unicolor Birula, 1905b); Roewer, 1960: 13.
Galeodes mauryi
Harvey, 2002: 453 [replacement name for Galeodila unicolor Lawrence, 1956).
Type locality: Kajkai, Helmand, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes medusae Turk

Galeodes medusae Turk, 1960: 114-115, fig. 4.
Type locality: Qina (as Qena), Qina, Egypt.
Distribution: Egypt.

Galeodes melanalis Roewer

Galeodes melanalis Roewer, 1934: 529; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: E. of Kundi (as "ost1. Kindi"), Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.
Note: There are numerous localities with this name

Galeodes melanopalpus (Roewer)

Galeodellus melanopalpus Roewer, 1934: 546; Roewer, 1941: 170; Zilch, 1946: 141.
Galeodes melanopalpus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Quetta, Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes minimus Roewer

Galeodes minimus Roewer, 1934: 535; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: Marrakech (as Marakesch), Marrakech, Morocco.
Distribution: Morocco.

Galeodes minitor Roewer

Galeodes minitor Roewer, 1934: 535; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: oasis S. of the Atlas Mountains, Morocco.
Distribution: Morocco.

Galeodes mongolicus Roewer

Galeodes mongolicus Roewer, 1934: 527; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: Ulaanbaatar (as Urga), Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Distribution: Mongolia.

Galeodes montivagans Roewer

Galeodes montivagans Roewer, 1934: 527; Zilch, 1946: 145.
Type locality: T'u-Iu-fan (as Turfan), Tien-Shan, Xinjiang, China.
Distribution: China (Xinjiang).

Galeodes mosconibronzii (Caporiacco)

Galeodellus mosconibronzii Caporiacco, 1937 a: 148-149, fig. 7 (as Galeodellus mosconi-bronzii); Moriggi, 1941: 288 (as Galeodellus mosconibronzii); Roewer, 1941: l70-l71 (as Galeodellus mosconi-bronzii).
Galeodes mosconbronzii
(Caporiacco): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Migiurtinia, Bari, Somalia.
Distribution: Somalia.

Galeodes nachitschevanicus Aliev

Galeodes nachitschevanicus Aliev 1985: 1100-1102, figs a-j.
Type locality: $ahbuz (as Shakhbuz),
Nax~ivan (as Nachitschevan), Azerbaijan.
Distribution: Azerbaijan. 267

Galeodes nigrichelis (Roewer)

Galeodellus nigrichelis Roewer, 1934: 544; Zilch, 1946: 14l.
Galeodes nigrichelis
(Roewer): Binila, 1938: 143.
Type locality: Baku, Azerbaijan.
Distribution: Azerbaijan.

Galeodes notatus (Roewer)

Galeodellus notatus Roewer, 1960: 20-21.
Galeodes notatus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Kandahar, Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes olivieri Simon

Galeodes araneoides (Pallas): Milne- Edwards, 1836: I? (misidentification) (not seen).
Galeodes dastuguei
Dufour, 1861: 382-382, plate 1 fig. 2 (in part, female only); Daiber, 1913: fig. l.
Galeodes olivieri
Simon, 1879a: 101-102, figs 1-2; Simon, 1879c: 77; Simon, 1885c: 44; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Simon, 1899b: 85; Kraepelin, 1901: 14-15; Kraepelin, 1908c: figs 48, 49, 52; Simon, 1909a: 41; Birula, 1914: 660-662, 665-666; Marcenac, 1925: ? (not seen); Marcenac, 1926a: 86; Marcenac, 1926b: 280; Berland, 1932: fig. 44; Weidner, 1959: 110; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 146. Galeodes (Galeodes) olivieri Simon: Birula, 1914: 660-662.
Galeodibus olivieri
(Simon): Roewer, 1934: 513; Roewer, 1941: 157-158; Vachon, 1945: 476,481, figs 1-2; Zilch, 1946: 148; Millot and Vachon, 1949: fig. 270; Vachon, 1950: 106; Lawrence, 1953: 971; Legendre, 1968: 4l.
Type locality: southern Algeria.
Distribution: Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Senegal, Togo, Tunisia.

Galeodes orientalis Stoliczka

Galeodes orientalis Stoliczka, 1869: 209-211, plate XVIII figs 4-5; Butler, 1873: 419, fig. 2; Simon, 1879a: 106; Hansen, 1893: 178, 179, 181, 182, 185, 187, 189, plate III fig. 11; Pocock, 1895b: 444-445; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Pocock, 1900b: 138-139, figs 48a-c; Kraepelin, 1901: 17; Kastner, 1933-1935: fig. 360; Roewer, 1933: fig. 163b; Tikader, 1973: 263; Nigam, 1976: 749 (not seen); Esterbauer, 1986: 231-234, figs 1-4 (probably misidentified).
Galeodellus orientalis
(Stoliczka): Roewer, 1934: 545; Zilch, 1946: 141.
Not Galeodes orientalis Stoliczka: Simon, 1885b: 1-2 (misidentification, see Galeodes australis Pocock).
Not Galeodes orientalis Stoliczka: Simon, 1905: 162 (misidentification; see Galeodes indicus Pocock).
Type locality: "Birbhum District", West Bengal, India.
Distribution: India, Syria?

Galeodes pallescens Hirst

Galeodes chitralensis pallescens Hirst, 1908: 244
Galeodes pallescens
Hirst: Roewer, 1934: 528; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: Sambalpur, Orissa, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes palpalis Roewer

Galeodes palpalis Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.
Distribution: Tunisia.

Galeodes parvus Roewer

Galeodes parvus Roewer, 1934: 528; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: Sind, Sindh, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes perotis Roewer

Galeodes perotis Roewer, 1934: 535; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: near N'Gaoundere, Nord, Cameroon.
Distribution: Cameroon.

Galeodes philippovi (Birula)

Galeodellus philippovi Birula, 1941: 250-251, 256-257.
Galeodes philippovi
(Birula): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: near Al I;Iudaydah (as Hodeida), Al ijudaydah, Yemen.
Distribution: Yemen.

Galeodes philippoviczi Birula

Galeodes philippoviczi Birula, 1937b: 306-308, 310-312, figs 1-3; Birula, 1938: 136-137; Gromov, 1998a: 186.
Type locality: Gaudan, Kopet Dagh Mtns, Akhal, Turkmenistan.
Distribution: Turkmenistan.

Galeodes pinkasi Turk

Galeodes (Galeodellus) pinkasi Turk, 1960: 115-117, fig.4a.
Type locality: Al Mafraq (as Mafrak), Al Mafraq, Jordan.
Distribution: Jordan.

Galeodes pirzadanus (Lawrence), comb. nov.

Galeodellus pirzadanus Lawrence, 1956: 134-135; Roewer, 1960: 17-18.
Type locality: Pirzada, Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes pococki Birula

Galeodes nigripalpis Pocock, 1900b: 144 [junior primary homonym of Galeodes nigripalpis Dufour, 1861].
Galeodes pococki
Birula, 1905b: 256 [replacement name for Galeodes nigripalpis Pocock, 1900b]; Roewer, 1934: 529-530.
Type locality: Ormara (as Omara), Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Iran, Pakistan.

Galeodes przevalskii Birula

Galeodes caspius przevalskii Birula, 1905a: 396-397; Roewer, 1935: 2.
Galeodellus przevalskii
(Binda): Roewer, 1934: 543; Zilch, 1946: 141 (as Galeodellus przewalskii [sic]).
Type localities: Oasen Sa-dshou, Turkestan, Xinjiang, China; and Chami, Turkestan, Xinjiang, China.
Distribution: China (Xinjiang), Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes pugnator (Roewer)

Galeodellus pugnator Roewer, 1934: 546; Zilch, 1946: 14l.
Galeodes pugnator
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Kalat, Baluchistan, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes pusillus (Roewer)

Galeodila pusilla Roewer, 1934: 537; Zilch, 1946: 148; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 110-111.
Galeodila
sp. near pusilla Roewer: Whittick, 1939: 449.
Galeodes pusillus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: S. Oran, Oran, Algeria.
Distribution: Algeria, Israel.

Galeodes rapax (Roewer)

Galeodellus rapax Roewer, 1934: 544; Zilch, 1946: 14l.
Galeodes rapax
(Roewer): Binda, 1938: 144.
Type locality: Tien Shan Mtns (as TienschanGebirge), Xinjiang, China, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia or Uzbekistan.
Distribution: China (Xinjiang), Kazakhstan, Kirghizia or Uzbekistan.

Galeodes reimoseri Roewer

Galeodes reimoseri Roewer, 1934: 534; Moriggi, 1941: 287; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: SW. of T' ana Hayk' (as Lake Tana), Amhara, Ethiopia.
Distribution: Ethiopia.

Galeodes revestitus Roewer

Galeodes revestitus Roewer, 1934: 535; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: EI Rif, Al Hocei'ma, Morocco.
Distribution: Morocco.

Galeodes rhamses Roewer

Galeodes rhamses Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Type locality: between Aswan (as Assuan), Aswan, and Korosko, Al Bahr al Ahmar, Egypt.
Distribution: Egypt.

Galeodes rhodicola Roewer

Galeodes rhodicola Roewer, 1941: 167-168; Zilch, 1946: 146; Caporiacco, 1948: 33.
Type locality: Rhodos, Dodekanisos, Greece.
Distribution: Greece (Rhodes).

Galeodes roeweri Turk

Galeodes roeweri Turk, 1948: 271-272.
Type locality: Qassassin, Israel.
Distribution: Israel.

Galeodes rufogriseus (Roewer)

Galeodila rufogrisea Roewer, 1960: 14
Galeodes rufogriseus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Tang-Azao, Hezaradjat, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes rufulus Pocock

Galeodes orientalis rufulus Pocock, 1900b: 139-140.
Galeodes hindostanus
Roewer, 1934: 528; Zilch, 1946: 144 (synonymized by Whittick, 1939: 447).
Galeodellus orientalis rufulus
(Pocock): Roewer, 1934: 545.
Galeodes rufulus
Pocock: Whittick, 1939: 447-448.
Type localities:
of Galeodes orientalis rufulus: Khandesh East District, Maharashtra, India; Pimpalner, Khandesh East District, Maharashtra, India; Shirpur, Khandesh East District, Maharashtra, India.
of Galeodes hindostanus: Madurai (as Madura), Tamil Nadu, India.
Distribution: India, Pakistan?

Galeodes ruptor Roewer

Galeodes ruptor Roewer, 1934: 531; Roewer, 1941: 160-161; Zilch, 1946: 146; Roewer, 1959a: 35; Roewer, 1961a: 479.
Galeodes
sp. near ruptor Roewer: Turk, 1948: 272.
Type locality: northern Diyarbakir (as N. Diarbekr), Diyarbakir, Turkey (type locality restricted by Zilch (1946)).
Distribution: Greece, Turkey.

Galeodes sabulosus Pocock

Galeodes sabulosus Pocock, 1900b: 139-140.
Galeodellus sabulosus
(Pocock): Roewer, 1934: 545; Zilch, 1946: 141.
Type locality: Kohat, North- West Frontier, Pakistan.
Distribution: India, Pakistan.

Galeodes sarpolensis Harvey

Galeodellus parvus Roewer, 1960: 19-20 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes parvus Roewer, 1934].
Galeodes sarpolensis
Harvey, 2002: 453 [replacement name for Galeodellus parvus Roewer, 1960].
Type locality: Sar-e Pol, Sar-e Pol, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes schach Birula

Galeodes fatalis (Lichtenstein): Kraepelin, 1901: 19-20 (misidentification, in part).
Galeodes schach
Birula, 1905a: 394; Birula, 1905b: 255-256; Roewer, 1934: 530-531; Zilch, 1946: 146.
Galeodes
spec. ? aff. schach Birula: Roewer, 1961a: 480.
Type locality: Tehran (as "Teheran"), Tehran, Iran.
Distribution: Iran, Turkey?

Galeodes schendicus Roewer

Galeodes schendicus Roewer, 1934: 533; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Shendi (as Schendi), Nile, Sudan.
Distribution: Sudan.

Galeodes scythicus Roewer

Galeodes scythicus Roewer, 1934: 527; Birula, 1938: 143; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Andschui, Turkestan, Uzbekistan or Turkmenistan.
Distribution: Uzbekistan or Turkmenistan.

Galeodes sedulus Roewer

Galeodes sedulus Roewer, 1934: 527; Zilch, 1946:/  147.
Type locality: Yen-Ch'i (as Kara-Schahr), Tienshan, Xinjiang, China.
Distribution: China (Xinjiang).

Galeodes sejugatus (Roewer)

Galeodellus sejugatus Roewer, 1934: 54; Zilch, 1946: 14l.
Galeodes sejugatus
(Roewer): Birula, 1938: 143-144.
Type locality: Tien Shan Mtns (as TienschanGebirge), Xinjiang, China, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia or Uzbekistan. Distribution: China (Xinjiang), Kazakhstan, Kirghizia or Uzbekistan.

Galeodes separandus Roewer

Galeodes separandus
Roewer, 1934: 531; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: near Erzurum (as "Erzerum"), Erzurum, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes setipes Birula

Galeodes setipes Birula, 1905a: 398-399; Birula, 1938: 132-133.
Galeodellus setipes
(Birula): Roewer, 1934: 543.
Type locality: Fergana (as Neu-Margelan), Fergana, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Uzbekistan.

Galeodes setulosus Birula

Galeodes (Galeodellus) setulosus Birula, 1937a: 569-572, figs 3-4.
Galeodes setulosus
Birula: Birula, 1938: 133-134.
Galeodellus setulosus
(Birula): Roewer, 1941: 17l-172, fig. 140.
Type locality: Shach-Dara, Shugnan, Badakhshoni Kuhi, Tajikistan.
Distribution: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes signatus Roewer

Galeodes signatus Roewer, 1934: 529; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Kundi, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.
Note: There are numerous localities with this name.

Galeodes simplex Roewer

Galeodes simplex Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 147.
 Type locality: Tunisia.
Distribution: Tunisia.

Galeodes smirnovi Birula

Galeodes (Galeodellus) smirnovi Birula, 1937a: 578-581, figs 7-8.
Galeodes smirnovi
Birula: Birula, 1938: 139-140; Gromov, 1998a: 187.
Galeodellus smirnovi
(Birula): Roewer, 1941: 173-174,fig.145.
Type localities: Turkmenistan; Dzhebel, Balkan, Turkmenistan; Archman, Akhal, Turkmenistan; Tedzhen River, Akhal, Turkmenistan; Murgab, Mary, Turkmenistan; Bayram Ali, Mary, Turkmenistan; bank of Amu Darya River, Khorezm, Uzbekistan
Distribution: Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes somalicus Roewer

Galeodes somalicus Roewer, 1934: 534; Moriggi, 1941: 287; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: S. Berbera, Woqooyi Galbccd, Somalia.
Distribution: Somalia.

Galeodes spectabilis (Roewer)

Galeodellus spectabilis Roewer, 1934: 545; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodes spectabilis
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Sind, Sindh, Pakistan.
Distribution: Pakistan.

Galeodes spinipalpis Latreille, nomen dubium


Galeodes spinipalpis
Latreille in Guerin-Meneville, 1838b: 11, plate 4 fig. 4; Lamarck, 1838: lO7; Lamarck, 1839: 301; Gervais, 1844: 90; Simon, 1879a: 152; Putnam, 1883: 269.
Gluvia spinipalpis
(Latreille): Butler, 1873: 424.
Type locality: Central America (as "America meridionale").
Distribution: Central America.

Galeodes starmuehlneri Roewer

Galeodes starmuehlneri Roewer, 1952c: 511 (as Galeodes starmiihlneri).
Type locality: 24 km N. of Esfahan (as Isfahan), Esfahan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes striatipalpis (Roewer)

Galeodellus striatipalpis Roewer, 1960: 21.
Galeodes striatipalpis
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Djebel os-Siradj, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes subbarbarus Caporiacco

Galeodes subbarbarus Caporiacco, 1941: 42-43; Moriggi, 1941: 287; Vanni, Bartolozzi and Whitman-Mascherini, 1988: 375.
Type localities: Gondaraba, Southern, Ethiopia; Elolo, Ethiopia; Calam, Ethiopia.
Distribution: Ethiopia.

Galeodes subsimilis Roewer

Galeodes subsimilis Roewer, 1934: 531; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: near Erzurum (as "Erzerum"), Erzurum, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes sulfuripes Roewer

Galeodes sulfuripes Roewer, 1934: 532; Zilch, 1946: 147; Amitai, Levy and Shulov, 1962: 156-159, figs 1-3; Levy and Shulov, 1964: 109-110; Cloudsley-Thompson, 1968: 118; CloudsleyThompson, 1977: 67.
Type locality: W. Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq.
Distribution: Iraq, Israel.

Galeodes sulphureopilosus Birula

Galeodes araneoides sulphureopilosus Birula, 1905a: 404.
Galeodes sulphureopilosus
Birula: Birula, 1929a: 161-168, figs 1-2; Birula, 1938: 120-123, figs 76a-b; Roewer, 1941: 163-164, figs 136-137.
Type localities: canyon ofVarzob (as "Warsob") and Siama (as "Siuma") Rivers, Tajikistan; and near Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
Distribution: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes tangkharzarensis Harvey

Galeodila afghana Roewer, 1960: 14 [junior secondary homonym of Galeodes afghanus Pocock, 1895a].
Galeodes tangkharzarensis
Harvey, 2002: 453 [replacement name for Galeodila afghana Roewer, 1960].
Type locality: Darreh -Khordou, near Tang-Kharzar, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes tarabulus (Roewer)

Galeodellus tarabulus Roewer, 1934: 547; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodes tarabulus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Tarabulus (as Tripolis), Tarabulus, Libya.
Distribution: Libya.

Galeodes taurus (Roewer)

Galeodessus taurus Roewer, 1934: 549; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodes taurus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: northern Diyarbakir (as nordl. Diarbekr), Diyarbakir, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes testaceus (Roewer)

Galeodellus testaceus Roewer, 1960: 20.
Galeodes testaceus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Karokh, HerM, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes theodori Turk

Galeodes theodori Turk, 1960: 113-114, figs 2, 3, 3a.
Type locality: Qina (as Qena), Qil1a, Egypt.
Distribution: Egypt.

Galeodes tillmani (Whittick)

Galeodila tillmani Whittick, 1939: 449-450, fig. 3 (as (Galeodilla [sic] tillmani).
Galeodila tillmaniWhittick:
Roewer, 1941: 169.
Galeodes (Galeodila) tillmani
(Whittick): Panouse, 1964: 48.
Type locality: Burco (as Burao), Togdheer, Somalia.
Distribution: Somalia.

Galeodes timbuktus (Roewer)

Galeodibus timbuktus Roewer, 1934: 513; Roewer, 1941: 158; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodes timbuktus (Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: between Tombollctou (as Timbuktll) and the Niger, Tombouctou, Mali.
Distribution: Mali, Nigeria.

Galeodes timbuktus brunneipalpis (Roewer)

Galeodibus timbuktus var. brunneipalpis Roewer 1941: 158.
Galeodibus timbuktus brul1l1eipalpis
Roewer: Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodes timbuktus brul1neipalpis
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: northern Nigeria.
Distribution: Nigeria.

Galeodes timbuktus timbuktus (Roewer)

Distribution: Mali.

Galeodes toelgi Werner

Galeodes toelgi Werner, 1922: 144-145.
Type locality: Gilvur Daglari (as Amanlls-Gebirge), Hatay, Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes trichotichnus (Roewer)

Galeodellus trichotichnus Roewer, 1934: 547; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodes trichotichnus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Esfahan (as Isfahan), Esfahan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes trinkleri (Roewer)

Galeodila trinkleri Roewer, 1934: 537; Zilch, 1946:
149; Roewer, 1960: 13. Galeodes trinkleri (Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: near Kabul, Kabul, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes tripolitanus (Roewer)

Galeodibus tripolitanus Roewer, 1934: 513; Whittick, 1939: 449; Roewer, 1941: 158; Zilch, 1946: 148.
Galeodes tripolitanus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Tarabulus (as Tripolis), Tarabulus, Libya.
Distribution: Libya, Morocco.

Galeodes truculentus Pocock

Galeodes truculentus Pocock, 1899c: 402-403, figs 2, 2a; Birula, 1905b: 252-253; Hirst, 1908: 242-243.
Galeodes araneoides discolor
Kraepelin: Kraepelin, 1901: 19 (in part).
Not Galeodes truculentus Pocock: Birula, 1924: 227-235, figs 1-4 (misidentification; see Galeodes birulae Roewer).
Type locality: Koyun Daghi Island, Lake Urmia (as Urmi), Iran
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes turanus Roewer

Galeodes turanus Roewer, 1934: 527; Birula, 1938: 143; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Turan, Bukhara (as "Bochara"), Tajikistan or Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Tajikistan or Uzbekistan.

Galeodes turcmenicus Birula

Galeodes araneoides turcmenicus Birula: Pavlovsky, 1932: 290, fig. 9 (nomen nudum).
Galeodes (Galeodes) turcmenicus
Birula, 1937a: 584-587, figs lla-c, 12.
Galeodes turcmenicus
Birula: Birula, 1938: 118-119; Roewer, 1941: 164-165, fig. 141; Vinogradov, 1948: 294; Aliev, 1981: 10; Aliev and Gadzhiev, 1983a: 45; Gromov, 1998a: 187
Type localities: Mangy-shlak Plateau, Kazakhstan; Krasnovodsk, Balkan, Turkmenistan; Dzhebel, Balkan, Turkmenistan; Bol'shoi Balkan Mtns, Balkan, Turkmenistan; Kara-Kala, Balkan, Turkmenistan; Canyon Aydere, Balkan, Turkmenistan; Archman, Akhal, Turkmenistan; Ashkhabad, Akhal, Turkmenistan; Tedzhen River, Akhal, Turkmenistan.
Distribution: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan.

Galeodes turkestanus Kraepelin

Galeodes araneoides turkestanus Kraepelin, 1899a: 202; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 19; Birula, 1938: 119-120; Zilch, 1946: 142; Vinogradov, 1948: 294 (as Galeodes turkestanicus [sic]); Weidner, 1959: 109; Moritz and Fischer, 1980: 149.
Galeodes turkestanus
Kraepelin: Gromov and
Kopdykbae~ 1994:22. Not Galeodes turkestanus Kraepelin: Birula, 1937a: 587-591, figs 13-14 (see Galeodes uzbecus Roewer).
Type locality: "Turkestan".
Distribution: Kazakhstan.

Galeodes turki Harvey

Galeodes fuscus Turk, 1947: 74-77, figs 1-2 [junior primary homonym of Galeodes caspius fuscus Birula, 1890b J.
Galeodes turki
Harvey, 2002: 453 [replacement name for Galeodes fuscus Turk, 1947].
Type locality: Kirkee (as Kerkee), near Pune (as oona), Maharashtra, India.
Distribution: India.

Galeodes tuxeni (Lawrence)

Galeodellus tuxeni Lawrence, 1956: 136; Roewer, 1960: 17.
Galeodes tuxeni
(Lawrence): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Panjao, Bamian, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes uzbecus Roewer

Galeodes turkestanus Kraepelin: Birula, 1937a: 587-591, figs 13-14 (misidentification).
Galeodes uzbecus
Roewer, 1941: 165-166, fig. 138.
Type localities: Bel'tau Mtns (as Bel-Tau), southern Kzyl-Kum-Desert, Navoiy, Uzbekistan; Chubek (as Tshubek), Pjandzh River, Khatlon, Tajikistan; Zhulek (as Dzhulek), Baygakum (as Bajgakum), Kzyl-Orda, Kazakhstan; Samarkand, Samarkand, Uzbekistan; Vrasskaja, 50 km S. of Tashkent, Tashkent, Uzbekistan; Kara-Chingul' (as Kara-Tshingil) boundary, Kzyl-Orda, Kazakhstan; Kagan, West Buchara, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
Distribution: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

Galeodes veemi Whittick

Galeodes veemi Whittick, 1939: 448-449, figs 2a-b; Roewer, 1941: 166-167.
Type locality: Fayum, Al Fayyom, Egypt.
Distribution: Egypt.

Galeodes venator Simon

Galeodes venator Simon, 1879a: 104-105; Simon, 1879c: 77; Pavesi, 1880: 316; Roewer, 1934: 534-535; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Fes (as Fez), Figuig, Morocco.
Distribution: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.

Galeodes ventralis Roewer

Galeodes ventralis Roewer, 1934: 533; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Aden, 'Adana, Yemen.
Distribution: Yemen.

Galeodes versicolor (Lawrence)

Galeodellus versicolor Lawrence, 1956: 133-134; Roewer, 1960: 17.
Galeodes versicolor
(Lawrence): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Puistagoli, Koh -i -Bab, Afghanistan.
Distribution: Afghanistan.

Galeodes viridipilosus Roewer

Galeodes viridipilosus Roewer, 1941: 168-169; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Toros Daglari (as Taurus), Turkey.
Distribution: Turkey.

Galeodes vittatus (Roewer)

Galeodellus vittatus Roewer, 1941: 175; Zilch, 1946: 142.
Galeodes vittatus
(Roewer): Harvey, 2002: 452.
Type locality: Torbat-e-Haidar, Khorasan, Iran.
Distribution: Iran.

Galeodes wadaicus Roewer

Galeodes wadaicus Roewer, 1934: 534; Zilch, 1946: 147.
Type locality: Abeche (as Abeschr), Ouaddai" (as Wadai), Chad.
Distribution: Chad.

Galeodes zarudnyi Birula

Galeodes (Galeodellus) zarudnyi Birula, 1937a: 581-584, figs 9-10.
Galeodes zarudnyi
Birula: Birula, 1938: 140-142; Gromov, 1998a: 187, fig. 4.
Galeodellus zarudnyi
(Birula): Roewer, 1941: 174-175, fig. 146.
Type localities: between Well Topkuduk and Well Musabay, Kzyl-Orda, Kazakhstan; 20 km SW. of Well Palvankuduk, Kzyl-Orda, Kazakhstan; between Well Karasha and Ruines Pchuk, KzylOrda, Kazakhstan; and Well Berkutbay, Yuzhnyy Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan. Distribution: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan.

   

 

 



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